From Fedora Project Wiki
(Add information about TinyEMU)
Line 12: Line 12:
  
 
<code>riscv</code>
 
<code>riscv</code>
 +
 +
= Boot under TinyEMU (RISCVEMU) =
 +
 +
RISCVEMU recently (2018-09-23) was renamed to TinyEMU (https://bellard.org/tinyemu/).
 +
 +
TinyEMU allow booting Fedora disk images in TUI and GUI modes. You can experiment using JSLinux (no need to download/compile/etc) here: https://bellard.org/jslinux/
 +
 +
Below are instructions how to boot Fedora into X11/Fluxbox GUI mode.
 +
 +
'''Step 1'''. Compile TinyEMU:
 +
 +
<pre>
 +
wget https://bellard.org/tinyemu/tinyemu-2018-09-23.tar.gz
 +
tar xvf tinyemu-2018-09-23.tar.gz
 +
cd tinyemu-2018-09-23
 +
make
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
'''Step 2'''. Setup for booting Fedora:
 +
<pre>
 +
mkdir fedora
 +
cd fedora
 +
cp ../temu .
 +
 +
# Download pre-built BBL with embedded kernel
 +
wget https://bellard.org/jslinux/bbl64-4.15.bin
 +
 +
# Create configuration file for TinyEMU
 +
cat <<EOF > root-riscv64.cfg
 +
/* VM configuration file */
 +
{
 +
    version: 1,
 +
    machine: "riscv64",
 +
    memory_size: 1400,
 +
    bios: "bbl64-4.15.bin",
 +
    cmdline: "loglevel=3 console=tty0 root=/dev/vda1 rw TZ=${TZ}",
 +
    drive0: { file: "Fedora-Developer-Rawhide-xxxx.n.0-sda.raw" },
 +
    eth0: { driver: "user" },
 +
    display0: {
 +
        device: "simplefb",
 +
        width: 1920,
 +
        height: 1080,
 +
    },
 +
    input_device: "virtio",
 +
}
 +
EOF
 +
 +
# Download disk image and unpack in the same directory
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
'''Step 3'''. Boot it.
 +
<pre>
 +
./temu -rw root-riscv64.cfg
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
We need to use <code>-rw</code> if we want our changes to persist in disk image. Otherwise disk image will be loaded as read-only and all changes will not persist after reboot.
 +
 +
Once the system is booted login as <code>root</code> with <code>riscv</code> as password. Finally start X11 with Fluxbox: <code>startx /usr/bin/startfluxbox</code>. To gratefully shutdown just type <code>poweroff</code> into console.
 +
 +
The disk image also incl. awesome and i3 for testing. Dillo is available as a basic web browser (no javascript support) and pcmanfm as file manager.
  
 
= Boot under qemu =
 
= Boot under qemu =

Revision as of 07:46, 10 October 2018

Download the latest disk image

Go to this link for the nightly builds and select the most recent (top) build. Look for the -sda.raw.xz file and download it. It will usually be quite large, around 200-300 MB.

Uncompress it:

$ unxz Fedora-Developer-Rawhide-xxxx.n.0-sda.raw.xz

Root password

riscv

Boot under TinyEMU (RISCVEMU)

RISCVEMU recently (2018-09-23) was renamed to TinyEMU (https://bellard.org/tinyemu/).

TinyEMU allow booting Fedora disk images in TUI and GUI modes. You can experiment using JSLinux (no need to download/compile/etc) here: https://bellard.org/jslinux/

Below are instructions how to boot Fedora into X11/Fluxbox GUI mode.

Step 1. Compile TinyEMU:

wget https://bellard.org/tinyemu/tinyemu-2018-09-23.tar.gz
tar xvf tinyemu-2018-09-23.tar.gz
cd tinyemu-2018-09-23
make

Step 2. Setup for booting Fedora:

mkdir fedora
cd fedora
cp ../temu .

# Download pre-built BBL with embedded kernel
wget https://bellard.org/jslinux/bbl64-4.15.bin

# Create configuration file for TinyEMU
cat <<EOF > root-riscv64.cfg
/* VM configuration file */
{
    version: 1,
    machine: "riscv64",
    memory_size: 1400,
    bios: "bbl64-4.15.bin",
    cmdline: "loglevel=3 console=tty0 root=/dev/vda1 rw TZ=${TZ}",
    drive0: { file: "Fedora-Developer-Rawhide-xxxx.n.0-sda.raw" },
    eth0: { driver: "user" },
    display0: {
        device: "simplefb",
        width: 1920,
        height: 1080,
    },
    input_device: "virtio",
}
EOF

# Download disk image and unpack in the same directory

Step 3. Boot it.

./temu -rw root-riscv64.cfg

We need to use -rw if we want our changes to persist in disk image. Otherwise disk image will be loaded as read-only and all changes will not persist after reboot.

Once the system is booted login as root with riscv as password. Finally start X11 with Fluxbox: startx /usr/bin/startfluxbox. To gratefully shutdown just type poweroff into console.

The disk image also incl. awesome and i3 for testing. Dillo is available as a basic web browser (no javascript support) and pcmanfm as file manager.

Boot under qemu

You will need a very recent version of qemu. If in doubt, compile from upstream qemu sources.

Get bbl from here or compile it from source.

qemu-system-riscv64 \
    -nographic \
    -machine virt \
    -smp 4 \
    -m 2G \
    -kernel bbl \
    -object rng-random,filename=/dev/urandom,id=rng0 \
    -device virtio-rng-device,rng=rng0 \
    -append "console=ttyS0 ro root=/dev/vda1" \
    -device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
    -drive file=Fedora-Developer-Rawhide-xxxx.n.0-sda.raw,format=raw,id=hd0 \
    -device virtio-net-device,netdev=usernet \
    -netdev user,id=usernet,hostfwd=tcp::10000-:22

Boot with libvirt

Needs libvirt ≥ 4.7.0 which is the first version with upstream RISC-V support. You should be able to boot the disk image using a command similar to this:

# virt-install \
    --name fedora-riscv \
    --arch riscv64 \
    --machine virt \
    --vcpus 4 \
    --memory 2048 \
    --import \
    --disk path=/var/lib/libvirt/images/Fedora-Developer-Rawhide-xxxx.n.0-sda.raw,bus=virtio \
    --boot kernel=/var/lib/libvirt/images/bbl,kernel_args="console=ttyS0 ro root=/dev/vda1" \
    --network network=default,model=virtio \
    --rng device=/dev/urandom,model=virtio \
    --graphics none

Install on the HiFive Unleashed SD card

These are instructions for the HiFive Unleashed board.

The disk image (above) is partitioned, but usually we need an unpartitioned ("naked") filesystem. There are several ways to get this, but the easiest is:

$ guestfish -a Fedora-Developer-Rawhide-xxxx.n.0-sda.raw \
    run : download /dev/sda1 Fedora-Developer-Rawhide-xxxx.n.0-sda1.raw

This creates a naked ext4 filesystem called *-sda1.raw. The naked ext4 filesystem can be copied over the second partition of the SD card.

You can also build a custom bbl+kernel+initramfs to boot directly into the SD card using these sources.

Install on the HiFive Unleashed using NBD server

Look at https://github.com/rwmjones/fedora-riscv-kernel in the sifive_u540 branch. This is quite complex to set up so it's best to ask on the #fedora-riscv IRC channel.