libguestfs and guestfish
Libguestfs is a library for accessing and modifying virtual machine disk images.
guestfish is an interactive shell tool for editing virtual machine disk images (examples here).
- Name: Richard Jones
- Targeted release: Fedora 12
- Last updated: 2009-07-08
- Percentage of completion: 90%
libguestfs is a library for accessing and modifying guest disk images. Amongst the things this is good for: making batch configuration changes to guests, viewing and editing files inside guests, getting disk used/free statistics (see also: virt-df), migrating between virtualization systems (see also: virt-p2v), performing partial backups, performing partial guest clones, cloning guests and changing registry/UUID/hostname info, and much else besides.
libguestfs uses Linux kernel and qemu code, and can access any type of guest filesystem that Linux and qemu can, including but not limited to: ext2/3/4, btrfs, FAT and NTFS, LVM, many different disk partition schemes, qcow, qcow2, vmdk.
Typical usage, to edit the password file in a virtual machine called 'F11' ('F11' is the libvirt name):
$ guestfish -i F11 ><fs> vi /etc/passwd
Lots more examples here.
Benefit to Fedora
The previous methods for doing this in Fedora were cumbersome and error-prone, usually involving creating loopback mounts as root, using kpartx, reconfiguring LVM.
libguestfs gets rid of all that and makes it easy to access and edit disk images. You don't even need to be root to do it.
libguestfs has a very comprehensive test suite and we intend having this test suite executed as part of the package build in koji (i.e. in the
%check section). This is currently not enabled because of a variety of bugs in qemu (e.g. bug #503236) or the kernel (e.g. bug #507066).
We also intend to include libguestfs testing in the F-12 Virtualization Test Day.
The main user experience is the command-line guestfish tool.
libguestfs also contains bindings for numerous programming languages which will be of interest to developers.
Fedora 12 adds a tool called guestfish for modifying virtual machine disk images. An API called libguestfs is also available for building applications which access disk images.