From Fedora Project Wiki

Line 6: Line 6:
 
=='''livemedia-creator'''==
 
=='''livemedia-creator'''==
  
*Tested in f24 and f25 workstation install
 
::7/8/2016
 
 
*Examples in f24 root terminal:
 
 
===Install files===
 
===Install files===
*'''livemedia-creator and ksflatten are part of lorax'''
+
*'''ksflatten is part of pykickstart'''
 
 
# dnf install lorax virt-install libvirt-daemon-config-network pykickstart
 
 
 
 
*Must be done first:
 
  
:'''You must be in the same fedora version (f24) first. This is so that packages can be installed to livecd without SELinux errors and is relabeled at boot time.'''
+
  # dnf install mock
  setenforce 0
 
  
===Notes===
+
=== Documentation ===
 
*Important
 
*Important
 
: http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
 
: http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
 
: https://github.com/rhinstaller/lorax/blob/master/docs/livemedia-creator.rst
 
: https://github.com/rhinstaller/lorax/blob/master/docs/livemedia-creator.rst
*Using UEFI with QEMU
 
: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Using_UEFI_with_QEMU
 
*Older posts
 
:https://www.brianlane.com/creating-live-isos-with-livemedia-creator.html
 
:https://jbwillia.wordpress.com/2014/10/29/how-to-build-updated-fedora-live-iso-for-yourself/
 
 
*Jun 28, 2016 at 12:28:27PM -0500, Bruno Wolff III wrote:
 
"In --no-virt mode it's calling anaconda
 
directly so kickstart processing of the %include may work, depending on
 
the location of the files. But if you're using it in virt mode only the
 
top level ks gets passed into the vm so ksflatten is required in that
 
case."
 
  
===pagure kickstarts Links===
+
=== mock ===
 +
you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment
  
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/tree/f24
+
to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following
  
::alternately: git clone the repo and not get each piece manually
+
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
 +
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart
  
:Kickstarts need to flattened before use:
+
if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file
:: hit raw tab and '''save-page-as''' to a local directory (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)
 
  
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f24/f/fedora-live-soas.ks
+
=== kickstarts ===
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f24/f/fedora-live-base.ks
+
inside the mock chroot, clone the kickstarts
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f24/f/fedora-live-minimization.ks
 
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f24/f/fedora-repo.ks
 
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f24/f/fedora-repo-not-rawhide.ks
 
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f24/f/fedora-repo-rawhide.ks
 
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f24/f/fedora-soas-packages.ks
 
  
*switch root terminal to the local directory with the kickstart files (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)
+
$ git clone https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts.git
  
 
=== ksflatten ===  
 
=== ksflatten ===  
::updated 06/28/2016
+
change directory into fedora-kickstarts and flatten a kickstart
 
+
$ cd fedora-kickstarts
 +
$ ksflatten -v, --config fedora-live-soas.ks -o flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --version F25
  
ksflatten -v, --config fedora-live-soas.ks -o flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --version F24
 
 
===livemedia-creator example===
 
===livemedia-creator example===
  livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-soas-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-SoaS-f24 --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-SoaS-f24.iso --releasever 24 --title Fedora-SoaS-live --macboot
+
   
 
+
$ livemedia-creator --ks flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-soas-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-SoaS-25 --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-SoaS-25-x86_64.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-SoaS-live --macboot
* "If you're using /tmp/lmc you need to make sure you have enough RAM available (assuming it is mounted using tmpfs)"
 
:'''use /var/lmc if low on memory'''
 
* "Right, if you only have 3.8G then 50% will be assigned to tmpfs and it's likely
 
you'll run out of ram when using /tmp/ for the resultdir."
 
::Brian Lane - https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1352970#c6
 
  
 
=== Make a remix ===
 
=== Make a remix ===
 
*edit the bottom of the flat-fedora-live-soas.ks
 
*edit the bottom of the flat-fedora-live-soas.ks
:that you produce with ksflatten  (above)
+
:that you produced with ksflatten  (above)
 
:in this section of the flattened.ks:
 
:in this section of the flattened.ks:
 
%packages
 
%packages
Line 115: Line 84:
  
 
===Retrieve finished live.iso===
 
===Retrieve finished live.iso===
"Results are in /var/lmc"
+
"Results are in /var/lib/mock/<mock config>/root/var/lmc"
 
*start files application
 
*start files application
 
*click on '''Files system'''
 
*click on '''Files system'''

Revision as of 04:19, 8 December 2016

Note.png
Note
for older method (namely for Fedora 23) using livecd-tools (livecd-creator) visit https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/How_to_create_and_use_a_Live_CD
Note.png
Note
If you simply want to burn a pre-made ISO to a disc, visit http://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora to download a LiveCD or LiveDVD, then see the install guide or burning how-to for further instructions.


livemedia-creator

Install files

  • ksflatten is part of pykickstart
# dnf install mock

Documentation

  • Important
http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
https://github.com/rhinstaller/lorax/blob/master/docs/livemedia-creator.rst

mock

you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment

to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following

$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart

if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file

kickstarts

inside the mock chroot, clone the kickstarts

$ git clone https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts.git

ksflatten

change directory into fedora-kickstarts and flatten a kickstart

$ cd fedora-kickstarts
$ ksflatten -v, --config fedora-live-soas.ks -o flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --version F25

livemedia-creator example

$ livemedia-creator --ks flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-soas-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-SoaS-25 --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-SoaS-25-x86_64.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-SoaS-live --macboot

Make a remix

  • edit the bottom of the flat-fedora-live-soas.ks
that you produced with ksflatten (above)
in this section of the flattened.ks:

%packages

add a program (add name)
- delete a program ( put - in front)
put # in front of listed program to not install it

kickstart-docs

livemedia-creator terminal output

Build takes a long time wait for completion
[root@localhost pagure]# livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-soas-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-SoaS-f24 --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-SoaS-f24.iso --releasever 24 --title Fedora-SoaS-live --macboot
/usr/lib64/python3.5/optparse.py:999: PendingDeprecationWarning: The KSOption class is deprecated and will be removed in pykickstart-3.  Use the argparse module instead.
  option = self.option_class(*args, **kwargs)
2016-07-08 11:27:53,350: disk_size = 5122MiB
2016-07-08 11:27:53,351: disk_img = /var/lmc/lmc-disk-7mztqnci.img
2016-07-08 11:27:58,818: Running anaconda.
2016-07-08 11:28:01,751: Processing logs from ('127.0.0.1', 48934)
2016-07-08 11:28:04,776: Starting installer, one moment...
2016-07-08 11:28:04,776: terminal size detection failed, using default width
2016-07-08 11:28:04,776: anaconda 24.13.7-1 for Fedora-soas-Live 24 (pre-release) started.
2016-07-08 11:28:04,776: The 'logging' function is not a part of DNF API and will be removed in the upcoming DNF release. Please use only officially supported API functions. DNF API documentation is available at https://dnf.readthedocs.org/en/latest/api.html.
2016-07-08 11:29:01,131: Starting automated install........................................................
2016-07-08 11:29:01,146: ================================================================================
..........clip........
..........clip........
2016-07-08 11:50:37,613: Disk Image install successful
2016-07-08 11:50:37,613: working dir is /var/tmp/lmc-work-ey7rlb4p
2016-07-08 12:02:35,166: Rebuilding initrds
2016-07-08 12:02:35,166: dracut args = ['--xz', '--add', 'livenet dmsquash-live convertfs pollcdrom qemu qemu-net', '--omit', 'plymouth', '--no-hostonly', '--debug', '--no-early-microcode']
2016-07-08 12:02:35,167: rebuilding boot/initramfs-4.6.3-300.fc24.x86_64.img
2016-07-08 12:03:57,231: Building boot.iso
2016-07-08 12:03:57,328: running x86.tmpl
2016-07-08 12:04:37,262: Disk image erased
2016-07-08 12:04:37,945: SUMMARY
2016-07-08 12:04:37,945: -------
2016-07-08 12:04:37,946: Logs are in /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure
2016-07-08 12:04:37,946: Results are in /var/lmc

Retrieve finished live.iso

"Results are in /var/lib/mock/<mock config>/root/var/lmc"

  • start files application
  • click on Files system
open /var folder
open lmc folder
  • click on the .....iso you just built

copy to (mouse right click) Home with files application

  • Check that it is in Home

Clean Up

  • delete the instance in /var
delete the /var/lmc directory (cannot run new build unless this is done?)
[root@localhost pagure]# cd /var
[root@localhost var]# ls
account  adm  cache  crash  db  empty  ftp  games  gopher  kerberos  lib  lmc  local  lock  log  mail  nis  opt  preserve  run  spool  tmp  www  yp
[root@localhost var]# rm -r lmc
rm: descend into directory 'lmc'? y
rm: remove regular file 'lmc/Fedora-SoaS-f24.iso'? y
rm: remove directory 'lmc'? y
[root@localhost var]#