From Fedora Project Wiki

(Fix mistake with default virtual provides.)
Line 70: Line 70:
  
 
== Reasoning ==
 
== Reasoning ==
The reason for the virtual versioning of the config packages (2.0 for the global default and 1.0 for the per-Product default) is to help ensure that the yum dependency solver will prefer to choose the global default foo-config rather than cascading the installation of one of the fedora-release-$PRODUCT packages.
 
  
Similarly, we are using foo-config for the global default rather than foo-config-global so that the dnf dependency solver will select the shorter name instead of picking the lexicographically first config option (which would usually be foo-config-cloud if it exists).
+
The configuration sub-packages Requires: the main package in order to guarantee that they always update together (since the reverse dependency is not versioned).
 +
 
 +
The version comparison algorithm used by yum will attempt to resolve the dependencies through whichever one best matches the Requires/Conflicts or whichever one will install the fewest dependencies. This should result in the appropriate Product configuration being installed or the standard configuration as the fallback.
  
The configuration sub-packages Requires: the main package in order to guarantee that they always update together (since the reverse dependency is not versioned).
 
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
* http://yum.baseurl.org/wiki/CompareProviders
 
* http://yum.baseurl.org/wiki/CompareProviders

Revision as of 18:14, 30 June 2014

Fedora.next Per-Product Configuration Packaging

Warning.png
This document is a DRAFT. It has not been approved for use yet.

This is an interim solution for Fedora 21 only. Work is in progress for Fedora 22 to simplify this using the new advanced dependencies available in RPM 4.11 and later


Definitions

Fedora.next: Umbrella term for planning Fedora's future. Currently covering the creation of the Fedora Products, Fedora Base Design and Fedora Environments and Stacks.
$PRODUCT: One of the Fedora.next Product deliverables, currently "cloud", "server" and "workstation".
yum/dnf: Package managers for Fedora used for installing and updating software.

Sub-package definition

Warning.png
Only packages whose defaults differ between Fedora Products are required to follow these instructions

Requirements

  • All packages must have a global default configuration. This configuration will be used whenever a Product-specific default configuration is not required. (For example, if a non-Product install is in use or only Fedora Cloud has a custom configuration and Fedora Workstation was installed).
  • Any package that requires a per-product default configuration must provide a sub-package containing that configuration.

Global Default Configuration

  • The global default configuration must be specified by a sub-package named "foo-config-standard", where foo is the base package name.
  • The global default configuration sub-package must "Requires: foo = %{version}-%{release}" (or appropriate variant including epoch)
  • The global default configuration sub-package must include a virtual "Provides: foo-config"
  • The global default configuration sub-package must explicitly "Conflicts: fedora-release-$PRODUCT" for all Products for which there exists a separate configuration.
  • The global default configuration sub-package must explicitly "Conflicts: foo-config-$PRODUCT" for all Products for which there exists a separate configuration.

Per-Product Default Configuration

  • For each Product requiring a unique default configuration, the packager must provide a sub-package named "foo-config-$PRODUCT", where foo is the base package name and $PRODUCT is the Fedora Product in question. If the global default is sufficient, the packager must not create a Product-specific sub-package.
  • Each Product sub-package must include a virtual "Provides: foo-config".
  • Each Product sub-package must "Requires: foo = %{version}-%{release}" (or appropriate variant including epoch)
  • Each Product sub-package must "Requires: fedora-release-$PRODUCT", for the matching Product.
  • Each Product sub-package must explicitly "Conflicts: foo-config-standard"
  • Each Product sub-package must explicitly "Conflicts: foo-config-$PRODUCT" for all other Products for which there exists a separate configuration.


Example (firewalld)

We will assume for the sake of demonstration that firewalld will need a custom configuration for Fedora Server and Fedora Workstation, but that Fedora Cloud will not require any changes from the global default.


Name: firewalld
Version: 0.3.10
Release: 1{?dist}
Requires: firewalld-config

%package config-standard
Requires: firewalld = %{version}-%{release}
Provides: firewalld-config
Conflicts: fedora-release-server
Conflicts: firewalld-config-server
Conflicts: fedora-release-workstation
Conflicts: firewalld-config-workstation

%package config-server
Provides: firewalld-config
Requires: firewalld = %{version}-%{release}
Requires: fedora-release-server
Conflicts: firewalld-config-workstation
Conflicts: firewalld-config-standard

%package config-workstation
Provides: firewalld-config = 1.0
Requires: firewalld = %{version}-%{release}
Requires: fedora-release-workstation
Conflicts: firewalld-config-server
Conflicts: firewalld-config-standard

Reasoning

The configuration sub-packages Requires: the main package in order to guarantee that they always update together (since the reverse dependency is not versioned).

The version comparison algorithm used by yum will attempt to resolve the dependencies through whichever one best matches the Requires/Conflicts or whichever one will install the fewest dependencies. This should result in the appropriate Product configuration being installed or the standard configuration as the fallback.


References