Using Anaconda to install on ARM systems
ARM systems that support PXE-boot may install Fedora using Anaconda and Kickstart. This has been tested on the Calxeda Highbank QEMU emulator and server hardware.
There is quite a bit of setup required to perform a PXE-boot, kickstart install, so this will cover the basics.
The basic steps involved in setting up for an anaconda kickstart install are the same as for other architectures, i.e.
- have a copy of the yum repo (available via http)
- have the install tree included in the same repo
- set up a server (DHCP/TFTPBoot/PXE) to PXE-boot the host
- set up a PXE-boot script to run the kickstart
The repository and install tree are all available publicly for primary architecture (PA) formal releases. The secondary architecture (SA) public Fedora ARM repoitory cannot be used for installations because it does not include the install tree, therefore a local copy must be set up and used.
The ARM install tree may be created using a modified version of lorax and anaconda. A lookaside repo is used to hold the modified versions of anaconda, grubby, and lorax, since the changes are not in Fedora 17. A public version of the lookaside repo is available (see Setting Up the xpfa Repository). After a lorax compose is complete, the contents of the install tree look like:
.discinfo images/ pxeboot/ <kernel and initrd images> LiveOS/ squashfs.img .treeinfo
All these files and directories should be included in a local copy of the ARM yum repo, i.e.,
<LocalPathToRepo>/Fedora/fedora-secondary/development/17/armhfp/os/ .discinfo drpms/ images/ LiveOS/ Packages/ repodata/ .treeinfo
An example PXE-boot config file is:
menu title Highbank Boot Options default Highbank-Install prompt 1 timeout 100 label Highbank-Install kernel f17-highbank/vmlinuz-highbank initrd f17-highbank/initrd-highbank.img append console=ttyAMA0 ip=eth0:dhcp ks=http://<ServerPathToKickstartConfig>/highbank.ks rd.debug rd.shell cmdline
By default, this file should be placed in the pxelinux.cfg directory and named 01-<MAC Address>, all lower case, for example:
MAC=00-50-43-9e-17-28 -> FileName=01-00-50-43-9e-17-28
however U-Boot will also search for alternate file names, including a hexidecimal representation of the system's IP address.
Since this is still a work in progress, command line options
rd.shell were added to support debugging. The
cmdline option will prevent ncurses-type dialogs from being displayed on the serial console during the installation.
A copy the kernel and initrd image files from the install tree in the yum repo, along with the kickstart config file, should be copied to the PXE/tftpboot server, i.e.,
/tftpboot/f17-highbank/ highbank.ks initrd-highbank.img vmlinuz-highbank uImage-highbank uInitrd-highbank
The kickstart config file could reside elsewhere, but it was included here with the other images, just to keep things together. This implies that the tftpboot directory is also accessible via http.
Please use this example F17-highbank.ks file as a base for test installations. By default it points to the public yum repository and install tree.
To boot to the PXE install image, interrupt the autoboot on the system and perform a PXE-boot. For convenience a script can be defined to do this, if one does not already exist, for example:
bootcmd_pxe=setenv autoload no; dhcp; pxe get; pxe boot;
It can then be automatically performed on boot, or run manually, for example:
U-Boot should display the boot menu defined in the PXE config file for the system. Once the default is selected (or autoboots) the kickstart install should begin. This may take a long time, and since it is command line driven (kickstart via serial console) there is not much feedback. Be patient. Depending on the system and network performance the installation may take more than an hour.
Quick Setup Notes for using the public FTP server
Red Hat is currently providing a public FTP server with the Fedora repositories at ftp://ftp.ges.redhat.com. This repository can be used for quick testing of PXE configuration using the example kickstart file provided (above).
When setting up a PXE server and an install instance for use with the public FTP server, use: ftp://ftp.ges.redhat.com/pub/fedora-secondary/releases/17/Everything/armhfp/os/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz-highbank and ftp://ftp.ges.redhat.com/pub/fedora-secondary/releases/17/Everything/armhfp/os/images/pxeboot/initrd-highbank.img for the kernel and initrd files, respectively. Append "ip=eth0:dhcp" to the kernel command line for the initial PXE boot.