From Fedora Project Wiki


Centralization Central*i*za"tion, n. Cf. F. centralisation. The act or process of centralizing, or the state of being centralized; the act or process of combining or reducing several parts into a whole; as, the centralization of power in the general government; the centralization of commerce in a city.


Localization Local*i*za"tion, n. Cf. F. localisation. Act of localizing, or state of being localized; made local or oriented locally; as, a decentralized and localized political authority.


internationalization n. the act of bringing something under international control.


globalization n. growth to a global or worldwide scale; "the globalization of the communication industry" syn: globalisation


Alternative names

Internationalization is often abbreviated as I18N (or i18n or I18n), by IBM and others, where the number 18 refers to the number of letters omitted. "Localization" is often abbreviated L10n or l10n in the same manner. (The most common forms are i18n and L10n, respectively. These forms won out because many fonts do not readily distinguish uppercase "I" and lowercase "l", but lowercase "i" and uppercase "L" are always clear.) Both notions are sometimes collectively termed globalization (g11n), but that word has a more common meaning. Also seen in some circles, but less commonly, are "p13n" for personalization, "m17n" for multilingualization, and "r3h" for reach, as in the reach of a website across countries and markets.


The phrase Free/Libre/Open-Source Software, or FLOSS, is an inclusive term designed to be neutral when referring to both free software and open source software.

Often both free software and open software can refer to the same program or source code, but each term represents a differing emphasis on the importance of freedom (free software) or technical progress (open source software).


Smart Common Input Method (SCIM) provides not only a user friendly, full featured input method user interface for POSIX-style operating systems including Linux, but also a development platform to make input method development easier. Currently the SCIM project has a wide range of input methods (some may need other libraries), covering more than 30 languages, including (Simplified/Traditional) Chinese, Japanese, Korean and many European languages. For more information, visit and Installation of SCIM on Fedora Core


Also spelled "shwag" or "schwag"; A slang term for promotional items, usually given away for free. Some people suggest that it is an acronym for stuff we all get.


controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than waiting to respond to it after it happens.


IANAL is a Usenet and chat abbreviation (acronym) for "I am not a lawyer." A similar abbreviation, TINLA, stands for "This is not legal advice." A variant of IANAL is IANYL ("I am not your lawyer"), which is used by lawyers when posting comments on message boards. Other variations of IANAL refer to different fields, such as IANAMD for "I am not a Medical Doctor."


It is an abbreviation for "be back later." It's commonly used in IRC.


The name Leet generally refers to a linguistic phenomenon associated with the Internet. Leet is defined in terms of the corruption or modification of written text. For example, the term "leet" itself is often written l33t or 1337. The name Leet itself is derived from the word elite. Elite has been used in the past to designate a group of users as belonging to a higher social echelon than other users. Originally, "elite" had been reduced to one syllable, "'leet."


Subject Says It All (telecommunication-slang)