Power Management improvements
Improve the current state of power management, especially in regard to userland.
- Phil Knirsch (Lead, tuned, monitoring, documentation)
- Jiri Skala (BLTK packager)
- Marcela Maslanova (initscript/udev service start/stop automation)
- Targeted release: [Fedora 11]
- Last updated: (02/03/09)
- Percentage of completion: 15%
Power management and power saving in Fedora has been a topic is special areas over the last few releases. Using powertop especially for Fedora 9 quite a few improvements were already done, but there is still lots of things that haven't been touched in regard to power saving.
Benefit to Fedora
Simple: On average use less power for turned on machines while not affecting user experience (a lot ;)).
- Review and fix behaviour of typical applications in a full installed Fedora in regard to:
- CPU wakeups
- Disk IO
- Network IO
- Add a workload measurement package to Fedora (BLTK adapted to Fedora use case)
- Enable relatime for filesystem by default during installation
- Write a monitoring and tuning daemon that adapts system settings to the current use
- Review services and make a framework that will allow services to start depending on installed hardware or software
- Provide scripts and documentation to perform an individual review of a system and tips & tricks on how to improve it
- Default installation of a specific release to test
- Run several workload tests:
- Not logged in, gdm
- Logged in, start Firefox, Thunderbird and Openoffice
- Run a httpd server on it with a fixed index.html (http://pknirsch.fedorapeople.org/PM/index.html) and run the following script from a separate machine:
- for i in
seq 59 -2 0; do for j in
seq 2; do ab -t $((60-$i)) -c 32 http://myhost.com/index.html; sleep $i; done; done > result.txt
- for i in
- For each workload run the following script on the test machine (1):
- for i in
seq 31; do date; powertop -d -t 60; done > restult.txt
- for i in
(1) In order to be able to see the actual power usage of the test machine you need to have some form of power measurement equipment. This can be either an external wattmeter or you can use a laptop as testmachine and run the tests on battery power.
As power saving is not really visible without a measuring it the effects will not be directly visible. So in order to really see the effect you'll either need a laptop and run that on battery power or a wattmeter that is hooked between your system and the power line.
- Anaconda changes (for relatime)
- Fixes need to get included to have an effect (really ;)).
Make sure none of the more aggressive power saving features breaks on common hardware and back it out it case it does.
Simple user tips for improving power usage
- Enforce turning of machines that are not used (e.g. company policy)
- Unplug and/or turn of peripherals that aren't used (e.g. external USB devices, monitors, printers, scanners)
- Turn of unused hardware already in BIOS.
- Disable power hungry features.
- Enable CPU scaling if supported for ondemand CPU governor. DONT use powersave governor, typically uses more power than ondemand
(race to idle).
- Put network card to 100 mbit/10 mbit:
- 10 mbit: ethtool -s eth0 advertise 0x002
- 100 mbit: ethtool -s eth0 advertise 0x008
- Doesn't work for every card
- Put harddisk to spindown fast and full power saving:
- hdparm -S240 /dev/sda (20m idle to spindown)
- hdparm -B1 /dev/sda (Max powersave mode)
- Make sure writes to hd don't wake it up too quickly:
- Set flusing to once every hour
- echo "360000" > /proc/sys/vm/dirty_writeback_centisecs
- Enable laptop mode
- echo "1" > /proc/sys/vm/laptop_mode
- Enable USB autosuspend by adding the following to the kernel boot commandline:
- Screensaver needs to dpms off the screen, not just make colors black. To turn of monitor after 120s when X is running:
- xset dpms 0 0 120
Simple programmer tips for improving power usage
- Wake up only when necessary
- No poll() calls tmraz - Why? Do you mean busy-wait polling or what?
- If you wake up, do everything at once (race to idle)
- Use large buffers to avoid frequent disk access. Write one large block at a time
- Don't use [f]sync() if not necessary
- Group timers accross applications if possible (even systems)
Users of Fedora 11 should be able to see some reduction in power usage of their systems.