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<!--Several places in this guide mention things like the "Places" menu which, as I understand it, are only present in GNOME.  We need to add KDE options in the future (although for now simply talking about the desktop icon is sufficient for KDE users, I guess) -->
 
This chapter covers how to use media such as hard drives, DVDs, CDs, and flash drives in Fedora.
 
This chapter covers how to use media such as hard drives, DVDs, CDs, and flash drives in Fedora.
  
 
== Understanding ==
 
== Understanding ==
  
When you insert or connect a medium to your computer, Fedora automatically recognizes and makes it available for use: an icon is placed both on your desktop and in the ''Places'' menu.
+
When you insert or connect a ''medium'' - such as a CD, DVD, hard drive, or flash drive - to your computer, Fedora automatically recognizes and makes it available for use; an icon is placed both on your desktop and in the ''Places'' menu in GNOME.
  
{{Admon/note | Mounting Media as Volumes | When Fedora detects a new medium has been inserted or connected it ''mounts'' it as a ''volume''. The hard drive that Fedora is installed on is mounted by default during start-up and cannot be ejected, or unmounted, like other volumes.}}
+
{{Admon/note | Mounting Media as Volumes | When Fedora detects that a new medium has been inserted or connected, it ''mounts'' it as a ''volume''. The hard drive that Fedora is installed on is mounted by default during start-up and cannot be ejected, or unmounted, like other volumes.}}
  
When you are finished using your media alert Fedora that you would like to remove this volume.  To do this, right-click on the device's icon and then select ''Unmount Volume'' or ''Eject'', depending on what type of media you are using; during this process any remaining changes to the data on the media is ''written'' to the device, allowing safe removal without data loss.
+
When you are finished using your media, you must ''unmount'' the medium before removing it from the computer.  To do this, right-click on the device's icon and then select ''Unmount Volume'' or ''Eject'', depending on what type of media you are using; during this process any remaining changes to the data on the media is ''written'' to the device, allowing safe removal without data loss.  Removing the medium without unmounting it first could cause data to be corrupted; if this is the case, you will not be able to get your data back in the future.
  
 
== Exploring Media ==
 
== Exploring Media ==
  
To view the contents of a volume, double-click its icon on the desktop, or choose the volume name from the ''Places'' menu.
+
To view the contents of a volume, double-click its icon on the desktop, or choose the volume name from the ''Places'' menu in GNOME.  You should see all the files and folders contained in that volume in a Nautilus (GNOME) or Dolphin (KDE) file browser window.
  
All of the contents of the volume are displayed in the window. Files on the volume can be opened with a double-click; further actions can be performed by right-clicking the file to gain access to the ''context'' menu.
+
Files on the volume can be opened with a double-click; further actions can be performed by right-clicking a file and selecting from the ''context menu''.
  
 
== Writing CDs or DVDs ==
 
== Writing CDs or DVDs ==
  
Fedora includes support for writing to CDs and DVDs. To write to a CD or DVD:
+
Fedora includes support for writing to CDs and DVDs. This means that you can permanently ''burn'' files to the CD/DVD for backup, file transport, or any other reason. 
 +
{{Admon/note | Required Hardware | Note that not all optical drives (CD or DVD drives) are equipped to burn new media.  An easy way to check whether that you can burn optical media is to look at the front of your disc drive.  It should indicate the drive's capabilities.  You can also look up the model of your drive online.  An even easier way is to simply try burning a disc; chances are, if you can't select the option for burning discs, it's not a problem with Fedora; your drive simply does not support this operation. }}
 +
To write to a CD or DVD:
  
=== Using Nautilus in GNOME ===
+
=== Using Nautilus to Burn Media in GNOME ===
  
 
# Open a '''Nautilus''' window, by double-clicking ''Home'' or ''Computer'' ('''Nautilus''' is the graphical file manager).
 
# Open a '''Nautilus''' window, by double-clicking ''Home'' or ''Computer'' ('''Nautilus''' is the graphical file manager).
 
# Select ''Places > CD/DVD Creator''.
 
# Select ''Places > CD/DVD Creator''.
 
# Use the initial '''Nautilus''' window to navigate to the files you wish to burn, then drag and drop them into the empty ''CD/DVD Creator'' window.
 
# Use the initial '''Nautilus''' window to navigate to the files you wish to burn, then drag and drop them into the empty ''CD/DVD Creator'' window.
# Click ''Write to Disc''.
+
# Click ''Write to Disc'' in the ''CD/DVD Creator'' window.
# In the dialog box, you can change the name of the disc and the write speed if they are incorrect.
+
# In the dialog box, you can change the name of the disc and the write speed if they are incorrect.  It is probably safe to leave the default options for the write speed.
 
# Click ''Write''.
 
# Click ''Write''.
  
=== Using K3b in KDE ===
+
=== Using K3b to Burn Media in KDE ===
  
Both GNOME and KDE do not have '''K3b''' installed by default. To install using '''Pirut''', refer to the chapter [[Docs/Drafts/DesktopUserGuide| Managing Software With Pirut]] . With '''Pirut''' running, go through the menu ''Browse (tab) > Applications > Sound and Video'', then click the ''Optional packages'' button and type <code>k3b</code> into the search field.
+
'''K3b''' is not installed by default from the Live-CD or the DVD. If you do not have access to the Internet, you can use the Fedora DVD to install '''K3b'''. The '''Add/Remove Software''' utility offers a graphical installation interface for new users.  
  
To install '''K3b''' using the console:
+
Here is how to install '''K3b''' using '''Add/Remove Software''' in the Gnome Desktop Environment.
 +
 
 +
Click ''System > Administration > Add/Remove Software''. This will open the '''Add/Remove Software''' application.
 +
 +
In the '''[Search Box]''' with the binoculars icon, type:
 +
<pre>k3b
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Next, click the '''[Find]''' button. The message "Querying" appears in the lower left corner.
 +
 
 +
Tick the box next to K3b. The message "Downloading repository information" appears in the lower left corner. The window area below the list of packages contains additional information about '''K3b'''.
 +
 +
Select any additional packages to install or remove at this time by changing tick boxes next to the package name.
 +
 
 +
Finally, click the '''[Apply]''' button. This starts the '''K3b''' installation process and concurrently installs or removes any additional packages where you modified the tick box. Follow any prompts to install additional packages.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''K3b''' is now installed on your computer.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Another way to install the '''K3b''' application is to use the command line.
 +
 
 +
Click ''Applications > System Tools> Terminal'' to open the command line.
 +
 
 +
Type:
  
 
<pre>su -c 'yum install k3b'
 
<pre>su -c 'yum install k3b'
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
When installed '''K3b''' is found under ''Applications > Sound and Video > K3b''
+
You will be prompted for the computer's root password. Type in the root password and press 'Enter'. You will not see the password as you type. The terminal will start giving information about the application, and end with <code>Is this ok [y/N]:</code>.
 +
 
 +
Type: <pre> y</pre>
 +
 
 +
The terminal downloads the necessary files and completes the installation of '''K3b'''.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
After you install '''K3b''' using one of the methods described above, launch the program by clicking ''Applications > Sound and Video > K3b''.
  
[[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Media_k3b.png]]
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{| border="1"
 +
|-
 +
|[[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Media_k3b.png]]||This is the default icon associated with '''K3b'''.
 +
|}
  
In K3b there are action buttons in the bottom of the window:
+
In K3b there are ''action buttons'' at the bottom of the window:
  
 
{|
 
{|
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|}
 
|}
  
{{Admon/note | To add files to your '''K3b''' project, drag the files into the project pane, that is, the bottom pane}}
+
{{Admon/note | Adding Files | To add files to your '''K3b''' project, drag the files into the project pane at the bottom of the screen.  Everything in this project pane will be burned to your optical medium. }}
  
 
When you are ready to burn the files or folders to disk click the ''Burn'' button.
 
When you are ready to burn the files or folders to disk click the ''Burn'' button.
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=== Using GnomeBaker in Gnome ===
 
=== Using GnomeBaker in Gnome ===
'''Gnome<code></code>Baker''' is not installed by default. In '''Pirut''', install via ''Browse (tab) > Applications > Sound and Video'', then click the ''Optional packages'' button and type <code>gnomebaker</code> into the search field.
+
'''GnomeBaker''' is not installed by default from the Live-CD or the DVD. If you do not have access to the Internet, you can use the Fedora DVD to install '''GnomeBaker'''. The '''Add/Remove Software''' utility offers a graphical installation interface for new users.  
  
To install '''Gnome<code></code>Baker''' using the console:
+
Here is how to install '''GnomeBaker''' using '''Add/Remove Software''' in the Gnome Desktop Environment.
 +
 
 +
Click ''System > Administration > Add/Remove Software''. This will open the '''Add/Remove Software''' application.
 +
 +
In the '''[Search Box]''' with the binoculars icon, type:
 +
<pre>gnomebaker
 +
</pre>  
 +
 
 +
Next, click the '''[Find]''' button. The message "Querying" appears in the lower left corner.
 +
 
 +
Tick the box next to GnomeBaker. The message "Downloading repository information" appears in the lower left corner. The window area below the list of packages contains additional information about '''GnomeBaker'''.
 +
 +
Select any additional packages to install or remove at this time by changing tick boxes next to the package name.
 +
 
 +
Finally, click the '''[Apply]''' button. This starts the '''GnomeBaker''' installation process and concurrently installs or removes any additional packages where you modified the tick box. Follow any prompts to install additional packages.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''GnomeBaker''' is now installed on your computer.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Another way to install the '''GnomeBaker''' application is to use the command line.
 +
 
 +
Click ''Applications > System Tools> Terminal'' to open the command line.
 +
 
 +
Type:
  
 
<pre>su -c 'yum install gnomebaker'
 
<pre>su -c 'yum install gnomebaker'
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
When installed '''Gnome<code></code>Baker''' is found under ''Applications > Sound and Video > CD/DVD Writer''
+
You will be prompted for the computer's root password. Type in the root password and press 'Enter'. You will not see the password as you type. The terminal will start giving information about the application, and end with <code>Is this ok [y/N]:</code>.
 +
 
 +
Type: <pre> y</pre>
 +
 
 +
The terminal downloads the necessary files and completes the installation of '''GnomeBaker'''.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
After you install '''K3b''' using one of the methods described above, launch the program by clicking  ''Applications > Sound and Video > CD/DVD Writer''.
  
[[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Media_gnomebaker-32.png]]
+
{| border="1"
 +
|-
 +
|[[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Media_gnomebaker-32.png]]||This is the default icon associated with '''GnomeBaker'''.
 +
|}
  
In '''Gnome<code></code>Baker''' there are three primary 3 buttons in the bottom pane of the programs window:
+
In '''GnomeBaker''' there are three primary 3 buttons in the bottom pane of the programs window:
  
 
{|
 
{|
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|}
 
|}
  
* To burn a specific file to a CD click the '''Data CD''', then drag and drop the file from the top pane into the right hand side of the bottom pane. Entire folders can also be dragged and dropped.  Click the burn button to burn the files or folders to the disc.
+
* To burn a specific file to a CD click the '''Data CD''' action button, and then drag and drop the file from the top pane into the right hand side of the bottom pane. Entire folders can also be dragged and dropped.  Click the burn button to burn the files or folders to the disc.
* Burning an ISO image file such as the Fedora 8 DVD installation image is done through the ''Tools > Burn DVD Image'' menu.  If the <code>.iso</code> file is for a CD, choose ''Burn CD Image''.  Navigate to the image, select it, and click the ''OK'' button, clicking the ''Start'' button in the next window.
+
* Burning an ISO image file such as the Fedora 9 DVD installation image is done through the ''Tools > Burn DVD Image'' menu.  If the <code>.iso</code> file is for a CD, choose ''Burn CD Image''.  Navigate to the image, select it, and click the ''OK'' button.  Click the ''Start'' button in the next window to confirm burning your disc image.
  
 
{|
 
{|

Revision as of 18:54, 1 January 2009

This chapter covers how to use media such as hard drives, DVDs, CDs, and flash drives in Fedora.

Understanding

When you insert or connect a medium - such as a CD, DVD, hard drive, or flash drive - to your computer, Fedora automatically recognizes and makes it available for use; an icon is placed both on your desktop and in the Places menu in GNOME.

Note.png
Mounting Media as Volumes
When Fedora detects that a new medium has been inserted or connected, it mounts it as a volume. The hard drive that Fedora is installed on is mounted by default during start-up and cannot be ejected, or unmounted, like other volumes.

When you are finished using your media, you must unmount the medium before removing it from the computer. To do this, right-click on the device's icon and then select Unmount Volume or Eject, depending on what type of media you are using; during this process any remaining changes to the data on the media is written to the device, allowing safe removal without data loss. Removing the medium without unmounting it first could cause data to be corrupted; if this is the case, you will not be able to get your data back in the future.

Exploring Media

To view the contents of a volume, double-click its icon on the desktop, or choose the volume name from the Places menu in GNOME. You should see all the files and folders contained in that volume in a Nautilus (GNOME) or Dolphin (KDE) file browser window.

Files on the volume can be opened with a double-click; further actions can be performed by right-clicking a file and selecting from the context menu.

Writing CDs or DVDs

Fedora includes support for writing to CDs and DVDs. This means that you can permanently burn files to the CD/DVD for backup, file transport, or any other reason.

Note.png
Required Hardware
Note that not all optical drives (CD or DVD drives) are equipped to burn new media. An easy way to check whether that you can burn optical media is to look at the front of your disc drive. It should indicate the drive's capabilities. You can also look up the model of your drive online. An even easier way is to simply try burning a disc; chances are, if you can't select the option for burning discs, it's not a problem with Fedora; your drive simply does not support this operation.

To write to a CD or DVD:

Using Nautilus to Burn Media in GNOME

  1. Open a Nautilus window, by double-clicking Home or Computer (Nautilus is the graphical file manager).
  2. Select Places > CD/DVD Creator.
  3. Use the initial Nautilus window to navigate to the files you wish to burn, then drag and drop them into the empty CD/DVD Creator window.
  4. Click Write to Disc in the CD/DVD Creator window.
  5. In the dialog box, you can change the name of the disc and the write speed if they are incorrect. It is probably safe to leave the default options for the write speed.
  6. Click Write.

Using K3b to Burn Media in KDE

K3b is not installed by default from the Live-CD or the DVD. If you do not have access to the Internet, you can use the Fedora DVD to install K3b. The Add/Remove Software utility offers a graphical installation interface for new users.

Here is how to install K3b using Add/Remove Software in the Gnome Desktop Environment.

Click System > Administration > Add/Remove Software. This will open the Add/Remove Software application.

In the [Search Box] with the binoculars icon, type:

k3b

Next, click the [Find] button. The message "Querying" appears in the lower left corner.

Tick the box next to K3b. The message "Downloading repository information" appears in the lower left corner. The window area below the list of packages contains additional information about K3b.

Select any additional packages to install or remove at this time by changing tick boxes next to the package name.

Finally, click the [Apply] button. This starts the K3b installation process and concurrently installs or removes any additional packages where you modified the tick box. Follow any prompts to install additional packages.


K3b is now installed on your computer.


Another way to install the K3b application is to use the command line.

Click Applications > System Tools> Terminal to open the command line.

Type:

su -c 'yum install k3b'

You will be prompted for the computer's root password. Type in the root password and press 'Enter'. You will not see the password as you type. The terminal will start giving information about the application, and end with Is this ok [y/N]:.

Type:

 y

The terminal downloads the necessary files and completes the installation of K3b.


After you install K3b using one of the methods described above, launch the program by clicking Applications > Sound and Video > K3b.

Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media k3b.png This is the default icon associated with K3b.

In K3b there are action buttons at the bottom of the window:

Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media k3baudiocd.png To create a New Audio CD Project
Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media k3bdatacd.png To create a New Data CD Project
Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media k3bdatadvd.png To create a New Data DVD Project
Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media k3bcopycd.png To Copy a CD
Note.png
Adding Files
To add files to your K3b project, drag the files into the project pane at the bottom of the screen. Everything in this project pane will be burned to your optical medium.

When you are ready to burn the files or folders to disk click the Burn button.

To burn an ISO image file such as the Fedora 8 DVD installation image, use the Tools > Burn DVD ISO Image. Navigate to and select the .iso image, then click the Start button.

Using GnomeBaker in Gnome

GnomeBaker is not installed by default from the Live-CD or the DVD. If you do not have access to the Internet, you can use the Fedora DVD to install GnomeBaker. The Add/Remove Software utility offers a graphical installation interface for new users.

Here is how to install GnomeBaker using Add/Remove Software in the Gnome Desktop Environment.

Click System > Administration > Add/Remove Software. This will open the Add/Remove Software application.

In the [Search Box] with the binoculars icon, type:

gnomebaker

Next, click the [Find] button. The message "Querying" appears in the lower left corner.

Tick the box next to GnomeBaker. The message "Downloading repository information" appears in the lower left corner. The window area below the list of packages contains additional information about GnomeBaker.

Select any additional packages to install or remove at this time by changing tick boxes next to the package name.

Finally, click the [Apply] button. This starts the GnomeBaker installation process and concurrently installs or removes any additional packages where you modified the tick box. Follow any prompts to install additional packages.


GnomeBaker is now installed on your computer.


Another way to install the GnomeBaker application is to use the command line.

Click Applications > System Tools> Terminal to open the command line.

Type:

su -c 'yum install gnomebaker'

You will be prompted for the computer's root password. Type in the root password and press 'Enter'. You will not see the password as you type. The terminal will start giving information about the application, and end with Is this ok [y/N]:.

Type:

 y

The terminal downloads the necessary files and completes the installation of GnomeBaker.


After you install K3b using one of the methods described above, launch the program by clicking Applications > Sound and Video > CD/DVD Writer.

Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media gnomebaker-32.png This is the default icon associated with GnomeBaker.

In GnomeBaker there are three primary 3 buttons in the bottom pane of the programs window:

Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media gnomebaker-data-dvd.png Data DVD Use this to burn files and folders to a DVD .
Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media gnomebaker-data-cd.png Data CD Use this to burn files and folders to a CD.
Docs Drafts DesktopUserGuide Media gnomebaker-audio-cd.png Audio CD Use this to create an audio CD.
  • To burn a specific file to a CD click the Data CD action button, and then drag and drop the file from the top pane into the right hand side of the bottom pane. Entire folders can also be dragged and dropped. Click the burn button to burn the files or folders to the disc.
  • Burning an ISO image file such as the Fedora 9 DVD installation image is done through the Tools > Burn DVD Image menu. If the .iso file is for a CD, choose Burn CD Image. Navigate to the image, select it, and click the OK button. Click the Start button in the next window to confirm burning your disc image.
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