From Fedora Project Wiki


Home directory on NFS (Network File System) with KDE causes problems when on Fedora desktop's IPC (Inter Process Communication) sockets are stored on user's home directory and hence on networked disk - when that NFS-service has interrutps, it breaks that vital IPC-communication.

This could be avoided if packaging time configuration would point them into local disk like all other local programs like systemd, rpm, firefox, ssh and XDG-standard complying softwre do.


This appears complete hangups on the desktop, and can be verified from kernel messages:

# dmesg
[1833578.276386] nfs: server not responding, still trying
[1833579.939514] nfs: server not responding, still trying
[1833579.939515] nfs: server not responding, still trying
[1833579.940249] nfs: server not responding, still trying
[1833579.940384] nfs: server OK

and each "not responding" -message is result of complete desktop hang that recovers after problem at server end is over.

Unplugging the warning light

Wether the server is not responding or just busy (at some point the same thing) can be changed with nfs options, namely timeo and retrans. With autofs home, these nfs mount options are given in /etc/auto.master file:

 /net    -hosts  udp,timeo=600,retrans=5

And once the autofs service has been restarted and mounts remounted, options are visible in mount listing. If the root cause, for example lack of bandwidth still exists, this merely shuts off the red lamp from dashboard, hangups will remain.

Moving KDE IPC-communication

Following user's environment variables can be used to change where these different IPC-files are stored and point them into local disk. To make them system-wide for every user, each setting can be put into own file and dropped into /etc/profile.d directory to get included into user's login process.



File: /etc/profile.d/

if [ -d /srv/home/$USER/.config ]; then



File: /etc/profile.d/

# could be more paranoid, and not accept any previously defined XDG_CACHE_HOME
if [ -z "${XDG_CACHE_HOME}" ] ; then

if [ -d "${XDG_CACHE_HOME}" ]; then
  # verify existing dir is suitable
  if ! `test -G "${XDG_CACHE_HOME}" -a -w "${XDG_CACHE_HOME}"` ; then
    # else, make a new/secure one with mktemp
    export XDG_CACHE_HOME
  mkdir -p "${XDG_CACHE_HOME}" 



File: /etc/profile.d/

if [ -d /srv/home/$USER/.local/share ]; then
  export XDG_DATA_HOME


KDEHOME affects where user's .kde directory is located and hence where those problematic socket files are located. Setting KDEHOME makes user's KDE settings machine specific which might be problematic in an environment where users move from desktop machine to another and expect to see the same, personalized desktop at each machine.

User's KDE IPC files under ~/.kde directory:

lrwxrwxrwx.  1 tuju tuju   22 Nov  5  2012 -> /var/tmp/kdecache-tuju
lrwxrwxrwx.  1 tuju tuju   26 Feb  2 15:47 -> /run/user/500/ksocket-tuju
lrwxrwxrwx.  1 tuju tuju   13 Nov  5  2012 -> /tmp/kde-tuju

File: /etc/profile.d/

# cat 

if [ -d /srv/home/$USER/.kde ]; then
  export KDEHOME

At the same time, while setting KDEHOME, user's .kde directory content should be moved into a newly created localhost home directory to avoid losing any KDE settings and application data.

KDEHOME contains directories like share/config and share/apps etc that should be considered user's data, not just mere dotfiles/settings and should be included into backup solution.

Disabling selinux permanently should be considered if new location does not match with default /home directory fcontext settings - which is most likely the case.

KDirWatchPrivate and Gamin

Attaching a gdb debugger intoa a hanging process with

gdb -p <pid>

and running a

thread apply all where

shows all threads. One of them might have:

Thread 1 (Thread 0x7fa8e1c56900 (LWP 25745)):
#0  0x00007fa8db9ce460 in __GI___nanosleep (requested_time=0x7ffea3cef990, remaining=0x7ffea3cef990) at ../sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/nanosleep.c:27
#1  0x00007fa8dc84b51d in qt_nanosleep(timespec) () from /lib64/
#2  0x00007fa8dde123c8 in KDirWatchPrivate::useFAM(KDirWatchPrivate::Entry*) () from /lib64/
#3  0x00007fa8dde1286b in KDirWatchPrivate::addWatch(KDirWatchPrivate::Entry*) () from /lib64/

that shows KDirWatchPrivate() class and it uses gamin (gamin provides /usr/lib64/ and its notorious gam_server process. gam_server can be guided to two kind of modes for different directories, kernel notifications and polling. These can be set in /etc/gamin/mandatory_gaminrc file with

poll /net/* 
fsset nfs poll 10

where the last line might be enough to switch gamin monitoring to poll-method on NFS-shares. All these probably need a complete restart.

See also:


$ lsof -N -nP | grep kmail

See Also